Have you ever compared two things and wondered why one looks amazing and worth every penny while the other looks, well, average? I have. I do it all the time. For example:
Two coats in a shop (because you know how much I love my analogies).
Coat A is Â£10.56. ItÂ has minimal styling and is made of a non-texturedÂ synthetic fibre. It’s a bog standard sludgy brown colour and has average looking buttons and slit pockets with no visible tailoring.
Coat B is Â£50.56. ItÂ has modern styling and it’s made from soft wool. It’s an unusual bright cerise-red colour with big shiny over-sized buttons and the pockets have flaps and zips. The tailoring is immaculate.
Coat B has had a lot more time, research andÂ imagination spent on it. Better materials have been used. Essentially, it’sÂ a different kind of coat.
Coat A took about 20 seconds to draw…
Now, imagine Coat A is clip art and Coat B isÂ bespoke illustration. It’s that simple. Add bells and whistles or your output will look like it belongs on a CD called 10,000 Royalty Free Images For Your Web and Online Projects for Personal Use Only that comes free with a computer magazine. Nothing wrong with that if that’s what you were aiming for but if you were aiming somewhere else, it’s more than just mildly disappointing.Â So, are you ready for my super important advice… *insert trumpetty music here*
You have to invest time into what you’re doing because when you don’t, it shows. It really shows.
That’s it. For a large scale illustration, put the hours in. There will still be occasions where an art director will ask for 15 re-draws and you’ll want to re-evaluate your career choices but it happens. I personally don’t know of anyone who gets it right first time, every time. I’m not saying they don’t exist, just that you don’t need to worry about them because you probably won’t meet one unless you pay for the privilege.
You cannot build a portfolio in a day. If you asked some of my students from the Portfolio Crash course I ran last Autumn, they’ll tell you how difficult it was to get 12 pieces togetherÂ in 3 months. Very hard work. And you may be just developing your folio with personal work but I’m making the assumption that you want to bag a paid commission at some point. The people who commission you will never think ‘Aww, she must have been pushed for time on this piece of development work. I bet she’d draw proper hands if she’d been getting paid to do it…’ Instead, they make the logical assumption that you can’t draw hands.
But what about those small scale illustrations, you know, the little vignettes and warm up sketches that you see onÂ illustrators pages, walls and timelines every now and again – how are theyÂ done in 20 minutes or so, I hear you all ask.
Self moderation, common sense, a strong critical eye and a little bit fairy dust. There are things I still can’t put my finger on and those are the bits where you need good instincts and fantastic powers of research. If you draw a character with dead-eye, you have to be prepared to figure out why and how to fix it. If you can’t draw hands, findÂ a solution.
You canÂ tell the difference between something drawn in a paint program and a graphics program. Or, if you’re one of those lesser-spotted traditional artists, something drawn with a blunt crayon or with a dip-pen and ink – you have to consider every choice you make carefully to build a professional portfolio.
SevenÂ Ways toÂ Make Your IllustrationÂ MoreÂ Exciting
- Don’t skimp on detailÂ Textiles, foliage, furnishings all have detail – draw that detail. Use marks, textures and/or shadow.
- Don’t use a mono-lineÂ Vary your line widths or your work could look flat and a bitÂ vanilla.
- Avoid dead-eyeÂ Focus your characters gaze and use eyebrows/facial expressions to your advantage or forever use dot eyes. Easy.
- VaryÂ posesÂ No one wants to see a dead-eye clown,Â from the front and with his hands by his side. Be imaginative.
- ConsiderÂ colourÂ Relationships should be well thought out – consider fashion choices, interior design, setting etc.
- Anatomical detailÂ Thumb on wrong side of hand, anyone? Three joints in one arm? One huge foot? Make sure your basic anatomy is right.
- Good subject knowledgeÂ Research – you have the world at your fingertips in the form of many web browsers. Use them and never just guess. Guessing is bad.
Some illustrators do use a mono-line, some might use flat colour too but usually it’s part of a very distinctive style that has been researched and built upon. If this is the way you want to go, find those illustrators and examine their work in detail until you understand why it works for them. Don’t copy, just pick it apart until you instinctively understand it.
We all make mistakes, sometimes big, sometimes small and sometimes because an AD has a different idea for a project than what you initially hand over. Personally, I’ve had work published where I’d love to request it back and tidy bits up or change colours or re-design characters but I have a feeling that it will always be that way. That’s my own progression taking place, never being 100% happy is what keeps you pushing on and striving to improve.
Whatever stage you’re at, keep going and keep learning.
(This postÂ is not aimed at clip art makers, it’s aimed at beginner/self taught children’s illustrators. I have to point that out because I’m not looking to offend anyone. I could go into detail about clip art but I really don’t want to get that kind of discussion going. To put it in context, a clip art creator needs to yield a high output of work to make money. Bespoke illustration needs time and therefore needs to be well paid for anyone to sustain it as a career.)
[authors category=”Maxine Lee-Mackie”]